The monitoring of repressions against journalists, activists, human rights defenders, bloggers, independent media, presidential candidates, and their headquarters during the 2020 presidential elections

Until June 16, 2020

INTRODUCTION

We would like to present to you an overview of the monitoring of repressions against journalists, activists, human rights defenders, bloggers, independent media, presidential candidates, and their headquarters during the 2020 presidential elections.

The situation began to look very much like the collapse and defeat of the opposition after the presidential elections on December 19, 2010, but one thing is different – there are almost two more months until the presidential elections in 2020.

Until June 16, 2020, 15:00 the human rights activists of “Our House” are aware of 317 cases of reprisals against civilians in Belarus, including physical violence, kidnapping, and threats of the removal of children. A total sum of fines in the amount of EUR 33,087 was collected.

The number of days of arrest received by activists, bloggers, and journalists amounted to 1,190 days. Police attempted to hack phones of five activists. Of these, police officers broke a finger of the mother of the detained Vengura Tamara, two young women were kidnapped, the whereabouts of one of them is still unknown to human rights activists of “Our House”. But the young woman managed to inform human rights activists of “Our House” before the kidnapping, that unfamiliar men were chasing her around the house. The second kidnapped young woman was kept in the police department without explanation for more than 8 hours. The third woman, Veronika Mishchenko, who was trying to become a presidential candidate, was very badly beaten by police at the police department, the court refused a forensic examination to hide the beatings. Veronika Mishchenko received 15 days of arrest, and in 15 days all hematomas and traces of violence will disappear. Sofia Tikhanovskaya, the mother-in-law of protest candidate Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, was hammered to a hypertensive crisis and the hospital. After three searches at home that took place at night. An elderly woman was not allowed to sleep, eat, drink water. As a result, after interrogation by the Investigative Committee, she was taken by an ambulance to a hospital with a hypertensive crisis. Svetlana is threatened with the removal of her children if she continues the election campaign.

11 women were arrested for 79 days, 29 women were penalized with large fines that amounted to a total of 7,560 euros. In all, 42 women were subjected to repression.

13 bloggers were subjected to a total of 190 days of administrative arrest and 800 euro fines. Two bloggers were infected with COVID-19 during the detention and arrest.

It is known that criminal proceedings were initiated against 19 people. Of these, criminal proceedings were initiated against three women (a member of the headquarters of an alternative candidate, a journalist and a blogger), and three journalists (one female and two males). It is expected that criminal proceedings will be initiated against one more presidential candidate the other day. About 15 people only know that criminal proceedings have been instituted against them, but their data is not known.

8 media resources received warnings from the Ministry of Information of the Republic of Belarus, mainly for violating the Media Legislation (“disseminating information that could harm the national interests of Belarus”).

16 journalists were repressed, four of them are females. 6 journalists received administrative arrests of 77 days. The total amount of fines that journalists were subjected to is 2,270 euros.

One journalist went on a hunger strike in protest. The second journalist ended up in intensive care with a heart attack after the trial.

THE CONTENT:

Chapter 1. Abductions, fractures, and physical abuse of activists

Chapter 2. Threats of taking away children from mothers/parents actively participating in the 2020 presidential election

Chapter 3. The administrative arrests of peaceful people.

3.1. The administrative arrests of women.

3.2. The administrative arrests of bloggers.

3.3. The administrative arrests of journalists.

Chapter 4. Fines for peaceful citizens.

4.1. Administrative fines for women.

4.2. Administrative fines for journalists.

Chapter 5. Hacker attacks and unauthorized phone hacking.

Chapter 6. Criminal Proceedings against Participants of the Presidential Elections

Chapter 7. Violations against independent media.

7.1. Violations against independent journalists.

7.2. Violations against independent media.

 

Some abbreviations in the text:

* CFL  – Country For Life

* IG   – Initiative group of a presidential candidate 

* CAO or CAO RB  – Code of Administrative Offenses of the Republic of Belarus

* CC or CC RB  – Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus

* b.v. – The base value is 27 rubles or 10  euros.

 

Chapter 1. Abductions, Fractures, and Physical Abuse of Activists

  Name City Occupation Repressions Note
1 Vengura Тамара v. Prudok Mother of arrested candidate Physical abuse Fractured finger of her arm by policeman
2 Tsyp Irina Minsk The daughter of a candidate for presidency abduction Abduction on street / arrested more than 8 hours
3 Mischenko Veronika Minsk A candidate for presidency

Collected signatures for the alternative candidates

Physical abuse

The trial rejected any expertise for the physical abuse by police

15 days of detention

18.06.2020 = p. 3 art. 23.34 CAO

Hematomas after detention, severely beaten by police

4 Sophia Tikhanovskaja Gomel Mother of bloggerа Sergei Tikhanovskij

A mother-in-law of the candidate for presidency Svetlana Tikhanovskaja

Three searches of the Investigative Committee

without a break for rest, sleep and food, including the whole night

03.06.2020 = search by Investigative Committee

She was in a hospital with a hypertensive crisis after the interrogation by the Investigative Committee

 

 

  1. The rule of law has been violated– Article 149 of the CC (intentional infliction of less serious bodily harm).

Intentional infliction of less serious bodily harm, that is, the damage that is not life-threatening and does not entail the consequences provided for in Article 147 of CC, but which caused a long-term health disorder for up to four months or significant permanent disability by less than one third, – shall be punished with fine or correctional labor for up to two years, or arrest with a fine or without a fine, or restriction of liberty for up to three years with a fine or without a fine, or imprisonment for the same period with a fine or without a fine.

 

Chapter 2. Threats of taking children away from mothers/parents actively participating in the 2020 presidential election

 

NAME City Occupation Repressions Note
1 Tikhanovskaja Svetlana Gomel a candidate for presidency Threats to take children away

Threats for life of children

Call from an unknown phone number / the pressure to withdraw from the election
2 Riabcev Valeri Minsk activist  p.2 art. 6.7 CAO Detained before trial/ he has a child with disabilities
3 Emeljanova Anastasia Minsk Mother of anarchist Intimidation Threats Threats of causing harm to her / son’s health
4 Lazarchik Elena Minsk activist p.2 art.6.7 CAO Detained before trial/ she has a child/ both parents were detained / 2 days of detention for her / child (6 years) was alone without parents two days
5 Nikolaenko Egor Gomel child p.1 art. 10.11 CAO Attempt to interview without legal representative
6 Nikolaenko Egor Gomel child art.434 CPC Interrogation for more than 5 hours

Fingerprints without legal representative

7 Maslov Sergei Chechersk Father with many children

volunteer

Threats to take children away

 

After detention for 10 days / new arrest more than 7 hours
8 Vengura Ekaterina v. Prudok A child (10 years)

niece of the arrested candidate

The threat to life and intimidation Night search by police / the policeman pointed a gun / took away the phone

 

Besides,

Ekaterina Talankova / Mogilev / member of Svetlana Tikhanovskaya’s initiative group / mother of minor children and is on parental leave / administrative case of 23.34 of CAO for taking part in the campaign of Tikhanovsky has been discontinued / police officers are now prosecuting her (are stationed under her house, walking in the neighborhood, interrogating the neighbors);

Olga Loban / Mogilev / participant of the campaign/mother of two minor children / has visual impairment / administrative fine in the amount of 20 basic units;

Elena Lazarchik / Minsk / activist of European Belarus – detained on 05/06/2020, received administrative arrest for 12 days. A minor child (6 years old) was left at home without parental care. Father of the child – Sergei Matskoyts was detained on 04/05/2020, during pre-trial is kept in the temporary detention facilities.

The following rules of law have been violated in the prosecution of women and children:

 

  1. The rule of law has been violated– Part 26.7 of the CAO (Administrative arrest cannot be applied to pregnant women, disabled persons of groups I and II, women and single men with dependent minors);

 

  1. The rule of law has been violated– Article 10.11 of the CAO (the presence of a teacher is mandatory when interviewing a minor under the age of fourteen, and when interviewing a minor between the age of fourteen to sixteen at the discretion of an official of the body conducting the administrative process. In case of need, maybe the presence of a psychologist, as well as the parent, or other legal representatives of the minor);

 

– Part 2 of Article 10.9 of the CAO (persons under the age of 16 are called through their parents or other legal representatives. The call can be made by summons sent by mail, telephone message or using other means of communication);

 

– Part 3 of Art. 8.2 of the CAO of the Republic of Belarus (mandatory notification of parents or persons acting in loco parentis about the detention of a minor);

 

  1. The rule of law has been violated – Art. 434 of the CAO  (interrogation of a teenager should not last more than 2 hours in a row, after which a one hours break should be made for eating. The duration of the interrogation should not exceed 4 hours throughout the day).

 

Chapter 3. The administrative arrests of peaceful people.

3.1. The administrative arrests of women.

 

NAME City Occupation Repressions Note

(the date of the trial  = the article)

1 Mischenko Veronika Minsk A candidate for presidency 15 days of detention 18.06.2020 = p. 3 art.23.34 CAO

Hematomas after detention

She was bitten by police

2 Olga Nikolaichyk Minsk Documentary film maker activist 28 days of detention 26.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO–13 days of detention

8.06.2020 = p. 3 art. 23.34 CAO–15 days of detention

3 Prokopchik Liza Minsk Youth activist 5 days of detention 08.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO
4 Lazarchik Elena Minsk activist 12 days of detention 05.06.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO–detained 3 days  / changed for the fine
5 Kravchenko Olga Minsk activist 1 day of detention before the trial

And fine

19.05.2020 detained

20.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

6 Lemehova Julia Minsk activist 1 day of detention before the trial

fine

19.05.2020 detained

20.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

7 Zhelezniakova Angelika Minsk A candidate for presidency 1 day of detention before the trial

fine

19.05.2020 detained

20.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

8 Potockaja Tamara Baranovichy activist 1 day of detention before the trial

fine

19.05.2020 detained

20.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

9 Janushkovskaja Elena Vitebsk blogger 3 days of detention before the trial 05.06.2020 detained

08.06.2020 = p.3 art. 23.34 CAO

10 Miroshnichenko Elena Orsha Zoo WHRD 10 days of detention 12.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO
11 Dzhumova Inna Mogilev Mother-328 3 days of detention 11.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

 

Article 23.34 of the CAO – Violation of the procedures for organizing or conducting public events /actions;

 

Part 3 of Article 23.34 of the CAO   – Acts provided for in paragraph 1 of this article, that are committed repeatedly within one year after imposing an administrative penalty for the same violations – entail a fine in the amount of from twenty to fifty basic units or administrative arrest.

 

Article 23.4 of the CAO   – Disobedience to a lawful order or requirement of an official in connection with the performance of his/her official duties;

 

 

3.2. The administrative arrests of bloggers.

 

NAME City Occupation Repressions Note

(the date of the trial = the article)

1 Palchys Eduard Minsk blogger 15 days of detention 15.06.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO
2 Kozlov Dmitrij Minsk blogger  510 euro fine

15 days of detention

03.06.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

= arrest

11.06=23.34 CAO = detention

3 Maslovskij Nikolaj Minsk blogger 15 days of detention арест 15.06.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

 

4 Tsyganovich Vladimir Minsk blogger 30 days of detention 3 months ago = art. 23.34 CAO 15 days of detention

15.06/2020 =23.34 CAO 15 days of detention

5 Pashkevich Vseslav Minsk blogger Fine 310 euro 08.06.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO
6 Lukomskij Dmitrij Gomel blogger 15 days of detention 21.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

after the detention lost his job

7 Remezovskij Ivan Gomel blogger 15 days of detention 08.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

Arrested more than 8 hours without any protocol

8 Tsukanov Aleksandr Mozyr blogger 40 days of detention 11.05.2020 = art 23.34 CAO  and 23.4 CAO = 25 days of detention

06.06.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO = 15 days of detention

9 Krutkin Ales Polock blogger 15 days of detention 04.06.2020 =art. 23.34 CAO
10 Kabanov Aleksandr Brest Blogger 15 days of detention,

was infected with COVID-19 during the detention

 

20.04.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

 

11 Petruhin Sergei Brest blogger 15 days of detention,

was infected with COVID-19 during the detention

11.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

 

12 Seregin Konstantin Minsk blogger 3 days of detention From a hospital delivered to court

13.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

13 Timofeev Dmitrij Baranovichy blogger 12 days of detention In Bobrujsk 09.05.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

/delivered to Mogilev

  TOTAL     205 days of detention,

800 euro fines

 

 

3.3. The administrative arrests of journalists.

 

  Name City Occupation Repressions Note
1 Osipcov Ales Mogilev journalist of BelaPan 10 days of detention

Hungry strike

09.05.2020 detained before the trial

11.06.2020 = p.1 23.34 CAO

2 Popov Dmitrij Russia Video operator / journalist 15 days of detention 05.06.2020 = 23.34 CAO
3 Arshynskij Mihail Mogilev Journalist of Belsat Fine21 days of detention 07.05.2020 = p.2 art. 22.9 CAO

07.05.2020 = p.2 art. 22.9 CAO

08.05.2020 = p.1 23.34CAO

11.05.2020 = p.1 23.34CAO

12.05.2020 = 23.34 CAO

4 Burakov Aleksandr/

young

Mogilev journalist /

HRD

10 days of detention 15.05.2020 = Art. 23.34 CAO

 

5 Burakov Aleksandr Mogilev journalist  /

HRD

Detained before trial

11 days of detention

08.05.2020 = p.1 art. 23.34 CAO

12.06.2020 = p.1 art. 23.34 CAO

6 Lupach Dmitrij Glubokoe journalist Белсат 10 days of detention

Fine

Hospital / intensive care

 

30.04.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO

08.05.2020 = detention before the trial

11.05.2020 = 10 days of detention and fine / heart attack, hospital, resuscitation / refusal to postpone the arrest / 15.05.2020 was discharged from the hospital to prison

26.05.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO = fine

Common fine 2298,00 руб or 967$

 

Chapter 4. Fines for peaceful citizens.

4.1. Fines for women.

NAME City Occupation Date Fine BYN Fine Euro
1 Antonina Konovalova Marjina Gorka Admin of chat Anti-Parade 09.05.2020 540,00 200
2 Liana Shuba Zhlobin Mother 328 27.05.2020 270,00 100
3 Ludmila Borejko Glubokoe Re-tied 11.05.2020 270,00 100
4 Tatiana Sivachenko Mogilev activist 11.05.2020 675,00 250
5 Daria Chulcova Mogilev journalist 07.05.2020 810,00 300
6 Olga Loban Mogilev activist 05.06.2020 540,00 200
7 Ludmila Karchinskaja Brest Eco WHRD / activist 18.05.2020 1350,00 500
8 Polina Sharendo Brest Activist 09.01.2020 1350,00

 

500
9 Elena Miroshnichenko Orsha Zoo WHRD 12.05.2020 675,00 250
10 Yulia Barsukova Vitebsk Admin / blogger 14.05.2020 810,00 300
11 Daria Yuschenko Vitebsk activist 18.05.2020

25.05.2020

1215,00  

450

 

12 Oksana Mihasenok Vitebsk activist 18.05.2020 540,00 200
13 Natalia Karelina Polock activist 01.06.2020 270,00 100
14 Elena Gurchenok Novopolock activist 01.06.2020 270,00 100
15 Elena Redkova Novopolock activist 23.05.2020

15.06.2020

216,00

810,00

80

300

16 Julia Shelepen Novopolock activist 01.06.2020 216,00 80
17 Elena Ustinovich Vilejka activist 14.05.2020 540,00 200
18 Larisa Shchiriakova Gomel journalist 19.05.2020 945,00 350
19 Olga Plotnikova Gomel activist 29.05.2020 270,00 100
20 Svetlana Narskina Gomel activist 04.06.2020 270,00 100
21 Tatiana Kanevskaja Gomel Mother 328 05.06.2020 324,00 120
22 Tamara Potockaja Baranovichy activist 20.05.2020 1080,00 400
23 Angelica Zhelezniakova Minsk activist 20.05.2020 1215,00 450
24 Julia Lemehova Minsk activist 20.05.2020 675,00 250
25 Olga Kravchenko Minsk activist 20.05.2020 135,00 50
26 Olga Zhuravskaja Vitebsk blogger 30.03.2020 1620,00 600
27 Elena Yanushkovskaja Vitebsk activist 08.06.2020 1080,00 400
28 Elena Lazarchik Minsk activist 08.06.2020 1290,00 480

 

29 Regina Berkus Lida a candidate for presidency 09.06.2020 135,00 50
  ИТОГО         7 560 euro

 

All fines in the administrative case under Article 23.34 of CAO are a violation of the procedures for organizing or conducting public events / actions

 

Apart from Larisa Shchiriakova, who was fined under Article 22.9 of the CAO which is about Violation of Media legislation

 

Elena Maslyukova / Svetlogorsk / eco-activist – the equipment (smartphone and laptop) was seized as part of the verification under Article 189 of the CC (public humiliation of honor and dignity);

 

Olga Zhuravskaya / Vitebsk / blogger / mother of two children / in addition to the administrative fine, a criminal proceeding was initiated (03.03.2020) under Art. 369 of the CC (public insult of a representative of the authorities in connection with the performance of official duties) for the plot, in which she gives a negative assessment to the senior inspector of the law enforcement department, major of the police – Andrei Shcheglov / in 2019 a search was conducted as part of a check on criminal proceedings (Article 189 of the CC / public insult) / equipment was seized (cameras, computers), which have not yet been returned.

 

4.2. Fines for journalists.

  Name City Occupation Repressions Note
1 Tolchin Andrei Gomel journalist 350 euro fine 19.05.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO
2 Larisa Shchiriakova Gomel journalist 350 euro fine 19.05.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO
3 Chulcova Daria Mogilev journalist 300 euro 07.05.2020 = p.2 art. 22.9 CAO
4 Arshynskij Mihail Mogilev journalist p.2 22.9 CAO
p.2 22.9 CAO
p.1 23.34CAO23.34 CAO21 days of detention420 euro fine
07.05.2020 = p.2 art. 22.9 CAO

07.05.2020 = p.2 art. 22.9 CAO

08.05.2020 = p.1 23.34CAO

11.05.2020 = p.1 23.34CAO

12.05.2020 = 23.34 CAO

5 Lupach Dmitrij Glubokoe journalist 10 days of detention

Fine

Hospital / intensive care

 

30.04.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO

08.05.2020 = detention before the trial

11.05.2020 = 10 days of detention and fine / heart attack, hospital, resuscitation / refusal to postpone the arrest / 15.05.2020 was discharged from the hospital to prison

26.05.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO = fine

Common fine 2298,00 руб or 967$

 

 

Chapter 5. Hacker attacks and unauthorized phone hacking.

 

It should be noted, that something new appeared in these presidential elections, namely: massive hacker attacks and attempts to hack phones and attempts to gain access to accounts on social networks while the activists are detained and are in prison.

 

NAME Occupation The date Note
1 Dzhyga Sergei activist 09.05.2020 During the detention, the phone was removed by police,

after the return a number of photos were deleted

2 Lupach Dmitrij journalist 08.05.2020 with the sanction of the prosecutor telephone conversations were printed
3 Burakov Aleksandr journalist

/ HRD

19.05.2020 After 11 days of detention checked that the phone was under the hacker attacks in prison. The phone was removed by police during the detention
4 Bodilev Andrei activist 16.05.2020 During detention the hacker attacks for the personal accounts in FB, VK via phone which was removed by police
5 Kisliak Roman HRD After 4 days of detention checked that the phone was under the hacker attacks in prison. The phone was removed by police during the detention

 

 

Chapter 6. Criminal Proceedings against Participants of the Presidential Elections

 

We want to note that all these criminal proceedings are clearly ordered and political in nature and aim to exclude the most popular candidates from among the rivals of Alexander Lukashenko.

 

NAME City Occupation Repressions Note
1 Tikhanovskij Sergei Gomel blogger and the husband of the candidate Svetlana Tikhanovskaja p.1 art.342  CC
art. 191 CC
29.05.2020 detained

16.06.2020 the new criminal article

2 Novikov Andrei Поставы activist p.1 art.342  CC 06.06.2020 detained

 

3 Aronovich Aleksandr Mogilev Blogger p.1 art. 342 CC 29.05.2020 detained
4 Artem Sakov Mogilev Blogger p.1 art.342 CC 31.05.2020 detained
5 Bobrovskij Vasilij Mogilev Blogger p.1 art.342 CC 29.05.2020 detained
6 Vergilij Ushak Mogilev Blogger p.1 art.342 CC 29.05.2020 detained
7 Dmitrij Furmanov Mogilev Blogger p.1 art.342 CC 29.05.2020 detained
8 Kniga Vladimir Grodno Blogger Art. 364 CC 04.06.2020 detained
9 Reznichenko Evgenij Grodno Blogger Art. 364 CC 29.05.2020 detained
10 Neronskij Vladimir Slutsk Blogger Art. 364 CC 06.05.2020 detained
11 Zhuravskaja Olga Vitebsk blogger Art. 369 CC The video equipment confiscated
12 Korolenko Vlad Gomel blogger Art. 343 CC 13.06.2020 detained
13 Romanov Sergei Minsk anarchist Art. 421 CC 01.06.2020 detained
14 Sacuk Sergei Minsk Journalist p.2 art. 430 CC

Art. 209 CC

The pressure for his supporters
15 Маслюкова Elena Svetlogorsk journalist Art. 189 CC
16 Medvedev Andrei Rechica journalist p.2 art. 189 CC
17 Dudarev Vladimir Mogilev Initiative group of Viktor Babariko Art. 235 CC and art. 243 CC 12.06.2020 detained
18 Kormyzov Sergei Mogilev Initiative group of Viktor Babariko Art. 235 CC

Art. 243 CC

12.06.2020 detained
19 Kupreeva Svetlana Minsk Initiative group of Viktor Babariko Art. 235 CC

Art. 243 CC

12.06.2020 detained

 

Article 191. Obstruction of the exercise of electoral rights, the right to participate in a referendum, or the performance of the right of legislative initiative of citizens, or the work of the Central Commission of the Republic of Belarus on the election and conduct of Republican Referendums, election commissions, referendum commissions, election commissions on the recall of a deputy – ( Part 1) shall be punished with community service, or a fine, or correctional labor for a term of up to two years, or restriction of liberty for a term of up to three years, or imprisonment for the same term;

 

Part 1, article 342. Organization of group actions that grossly violate public order and involve obvious disobedience to the legitimate requirements of representatives of the authority or entail disruption of the work of transport, enterprises, institutions or organizations, or active participation in such actions in the absence of characteristics of a more serious crime –– shall be punished with a fine, or arrest, or restriction of liberty for a term of up to three years, or imprisonment for the same term;

Article 364. Violence or the threat of violence against a member of the internal affairs bodies or his relatives in order to obstruct his legitimate activities; or to force him to change the nature of this activity; or out of revenge for the performance of official activities — shall be punished with arrest or restriction of liberty for a term of up to five years or imprisonment for up to six years;

 

Article 369. Public insult of a representative of the authorities in connection with the performance of his/her official duties – shall be punished with community service, or a fine, or correctional labor for a term of up to two years, or arrest, or restriction of liberty for a term of up to three years;

 

Article 343. Production and distribution of pornographic materials or objects of a pornographic nature – (Part 1) shall be punished with community service, or a fine, or correctional labor for a term of up to two years, or arrest;

 

Article 421. Non-compliance with the requirements of preventive supervision without good reason, committed by a person who is under preventive supervision, who was subjected to administrative punishment for the same violations twice a year – is punishable by arrest or imprisonment for a term of up to one year;

 

Part 2, article 430. Receiving a bribe repeatedly, through extortion, or through a group of persons with prior conspiracy, or in large amounts – shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to ten years with a fine and deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage in certain activities;

 

Article 209. Fraud –– shall be punishable by imprisonment for a term of three to ten years with a fine;

 

Article 189. Intentional humiliation of the honor and dignity of a person expressed in the indecent form (insult), in a public speech, or in a printed or publicly displayed work, either in the media or in the information disseminated on the World Wide Web – Internet; another public telecommunication networks or a dedicated telecommunication network, – shall be punished with a fine, or correctional labor for a term of up to two years, or arrest, or restriction of liberty for a term of up to three years;

 

Article 235. Legalization (“laundering”) of funds obtained by criminal means – shall be punished by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to ten years with a fine and with deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage in certain activities;

 

Article 243. Evasion of the payment of taxes and fees – shall be punished by restraint of liberty for a term of up to five years with a fine and with deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage in certain activities; or without deprivation of liberty or deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years with a fine and with deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage in certain activities or without deprivation.

 

In the framework of the criminal proceedings against Belgazprom, more than 15 people were detained.

 

Chapter 7. Violations against independent media.

7.1. Violations against independent journalists.

NAME City Occupation Repressions Note
1 Kovalev Sergei Minsk journalist Fines 05.06.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO

10.06.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO

18.06.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO

2 Mickevich Dmitrij Minsk journalist Fine 10.06.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO

18.06.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO

3 Abakunchik Galina Minsk journalist Fine 05.06.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO

 

4 Dubovik Elena Minsk journalist Fine 04.06.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO
5 Osipcov Ales Mogilev journalist 10 days of detention

Hungry strike

09.05.2020 detained before the trial

11.06.2020 =  p.1 art. 23.34 CAO

6 Masliukova Elena Svetlogorsk journalist fine 17.06.2020 = p.1 23.34 CAO
7 Kruchinin Aleksej Russia journalist deportation
8 Tolchin Andrei Gomel journalist Белсат Fine 19.05.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO

 

9 Larisa Schirakova Gomel journalist fine 19.05.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO

 

10 Popov Dmitrij Russia Video operator 15 days of detention 05.06.2020 = art. 23.34 CAO

 

11 Chulcova Daria Mogilev journalist Fine 07.05.2020 = p.2 22.9 CAO
12 Arshynskij Mihail Mogilev journalist Fine

21 days of detention

07.05.2020 = p.2 art. 22.9 CAO

07.05.2020 = p.2 art. 22.9 CAO

08.05.2020 = p.1 23.34CAO

11.05.2020 = p.1 23.34CAO

12.05.2020 = 23.34 CAO

13 Burakov Aleksandr/

young

Mogilev journalist /

HRD

10 days of detention 15.05.2020 = Art. 23.34 CAO

 

14 Burakov Aleksandr Mogilev journalist  /

HRD

Detained before trial

11 days of detention

08.05.2020 = p.1 art. 23.34 CAO

12.06.2020 = p.1 art. 23.34 CAO

15 Lupach Dmitrij Glubokoe journalist 10 days of detention

Fines

Hospital / intensive care

30.04.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO

08.05.2020 = detention before the trial

11.05.2020 = 10 days of detention and fine / heart attack, hospital, resuscitation / refusal to postpone the arrest / 15.05.2020 was discharged from the hospital to prison

26.05.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO = fine

Common fine 2298,00 руб or 967$

16 Borozenko Aleksandr Marjina Gorka journalist Art. 23.34 CAO
art. 22.9 CAO
09.05.2020 = Art. 23.34 CAO

04.06.2020 = art. 22.9 CAO

 

 

Article 22.9. Violation of Media legislation;

 

Part 2, Art. 22.9. Violation of the established procedure for sending mandatory free copies of periodical publications, distribution of erotic publications, publication of a refutation by the media as well as illegal production, and (or) distribution of media products – shall incur a fine in the amount of from  twenty to fifty basic units.

 

7.2. Violations against independent media.

 

The name of media Date Repressions
1 «Media-Polessie» 06.04.2020

 

Ministry of information warming

 

2 «Media-Polessie» 13.05.2020 Fine 1200 евро

For disseminating information that allegedly prejudiced the national interests of the Republic of Belarus, contributed to the spread of panic / the first case of the application of the “new” part 3-1 of Article 22.9 of the Code of Administrative Offense.

3 «Наша Нива»/nn.by 14/03/2020 Ministry of information warming

For disseminating information that allegedly prejudiced the national interests of the Republic of Belarus, contributed to the spread of panic / the first case of the application of the “new” part 3-1 of Article 22.9 of the Code of Administrative Offense.

4 «Наша Нива»/nn.by 20/04/2020 Ministry of Information Requirement

The Ministry of Information imposed a requirement to the owner of the Internet resource, for the dissemination of false information in accordance with subparagraph 1.3 of paragraph 1 of Article 38 of the Media Legislation.

5 TUT.BY 14/03/2020 Ministry of information warming

For disseminating information that allegedly prejudiced the national interests of the Republic of Belarus, contributed to the spread of panic / the first case of the application of the “new” part 3-1 of Article 22.9 of the Code of Administrative Offense.

6 ООО «МЕДИАТЕК»/ онлайн-телевидение tvbox.by 04/01/2020 Ministry of information warming

A warning was issued in connection with the distribution of foreign television programs via the website tvbox.by, these TV programs do not have permission from the Ministry of Information for Broadcasting in Belarus. We want to remind that this is prohibited in accordance with the current media legislation.

7 vitebsk.biz 20/03/2020 Ministry of Information Requirement

 

On March 13, the publication with headline “Nikolay Vasilyevich Martynov, General Director of SOOO “Marko” died in Minsk”, containing inaccurate information about the death of the head of the organization was posted.

According to the official information of the Ministry of Health, at present in Belarus, there have been no deaths from diseases caused by COVID-19

8 Independent media 30.05.2020 Ban to publish any polls for elections in media
9 Belsat 16.06.2020 Withdrawal of accreditation of Belarusian Football Federation

 

Association of Belarusian Football Federation decided to suspend ABFF TV-accreditation and not to extend cooperation with reporters of “Belsat” television channel regarding coverage of “Belarusbank – Major League” season 2020, “Maxline – First League” season 2020, “Paris – Match – Belarus Cup” season 2020/2021, and other tournaments under the aegis of ABFF.

 

Part 3-1 of Art. 22.9 of CAO. Violation of media legislation by the media repeatedly within one year after a written warning is issued in respect of it – shall incur a fine on an individual entrepreneur in the amount of from twenty to one hundred basic units, and on a legal entity in the amount of from one hundred to five hundred basic units.

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